Dr. Stephen J. Havlovic, vice president for academic affairs at Alfred State College, has co-authored an article that has appeared in the Journal of Health Organization and Management.
"Key Organizational Commitment Antecedents for Nurses, Paramedical Professionals, and Non-Clinical Staff," co-written with Sinan Caykoylu, (Faculty of Business Administration, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada), Carolyn P. Egri, (Faculty of Business Administration, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada), Christine Bradley, (Retired, Vancouver, Canada), develops a causal model that explains the antecedents and mediating factors predicting the organizational commitment of healthcare employees in different work roles.
This study proposes that the relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment is best understood by focusing on the three interrelated facets of job satisfaction: satisfaction with career advancement, satisfaction with supervisor, and satisfaction with co-workers. However, the model also advances that these job satisfaction facets have different mediating effects for other antecedents of organizational commitment.
The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) path analysis showed that the job satisfaction facets of career advancement and satisfaction with supervisor had a direct impact on organizational commitment. Employee empowerment, job-motivating potential, effective leadership, acceptance by coworkers, role ambiguity, and role conflict were also important determinants of organizational commitment. Interestingly, post hoc analyses showed that satisfaction with co-workers only had an indirect impact on organizational commitment.
While there has been extensive research on organizational commitment and its antecedents in healthcare organizations, most previous studies have been limited either to a single employee group or to a single time frame. This study proposes a practical causal model of antecedents of organizational commitment that tests relationships across time and across different healthcare employee groups.